Polish National Home, Hartford
The building was sold to a church in December 2022 and is no longer Polish.
In researching this write-up I came across the same theme over and over. So I’ll follow tradition and dispense with the mild cliché right off the bat – The Polish National Home is one of the worst kept secrets in Hartford. It’s hidden in plain sight. I want to tell everyone about it, but don’t want everyone eating up my pierogies and hogging the seats. That about covers it.
And it’s all true. It’s funny; pretty much every local entity that covers food and/or Hartford has raved about the PNH. Heck, the New York Times even bestowed it’s “Very Good” rating on the place in 2004 – so how is it that it’s still a “secret?”
My guess is because no one walks by and looks at the weirdly art deco slash communist bloc bauhaus building and says, “Mmm, let’s get lunch!” But I did – and I’ve been wanting to for quite a while now. Once it appeared on Roadfood’s “500 Places to Eat Before It’s Too Late,” I had my reason. And I also had a lunchdate – none other than Jordan from Hartford.com.
First, some notes from this exellent article by Tom Condon about the unique building. “A food writer once described Hartford’s Polish National Home as “built to withstand the onslaught of Russian tanks.” Given Poland’s history, perhaps this was at the back of the architect’s mind.
The building is solid, to be sure, but also quite remarkable, a stately Art Deco cube with a stylish, comfortable and inviting interior. It was designed by Hartford architect Henry F. Ludorf, a Polish-American who became known for Art Deco buildings in other East Coast cities…
If you’re only passingly familiar with the building on Charter Oak Avenue, your first question may be: “Why doesn’t it face the street?” The answer is simple: It did. When the club was built, there was a street facing the front door, Governors Street. The city removed it in the late 1960s to build a housing project.
The story isn’t the street, it’s the hall. This remarkable edifice was built by a neighborhood of first-generation Polish factory workers. Poles started coming to Hartford in the 1870s, refugees from yet another heroic and failed insurrection. They worked in the factories south of downtown; Colt, Capewell, Allen and others.
By the 1920s, there were 3,000 Poles living in the neighborhood, of an estimated 7,000 in the city, said Polish home historian Andrew Bogacki. They’d outgrown their small meeting hall. Many ethnic groups, including other groups of Poles, built modest clubhouses in cities across the country. Even Bogacki isn’t quite sure why the community decided on something this grand. “Maybe it was our all-or-nothing mentality,” he said.
Grand was the plan. Community leaders sold shares and broke ground on Oct. 8, 1929, just days before the stock market crash that ushered in the Great Depression. Nevertheless, the building opened a year later, Oct. 12, 1930. It was immediately acclaimed as the finest Polish center in the country.
Other European ethnic clubs – Irish, German, French – have long since left Hartford to follow members to the suburbs. The factories that once supported the Hartford community are closed and only a handful of Poles still live in the neighborhood. New arrivals from Poland drop in but don’t stay. The New Britain Polish community is much larger.”
Thanks, Tom. Good stuff. And yes, the New Britain (aka “New Britski”) Polish community is huge. I had a wonderfully fun, weird and at times scary day immersed in it which you can read about here.
One last thing about the building before we (finally) go inside: It survived the massive flood of 1936 when four feet of water engulfed the building. There is a teeny tiny little marker on the side of the building commemorating this event, which Jordan and I sought out here.
All this backstory has made me hungry. Let’s go inside and eat up some Polish food already.
As with all ethnic and social clubs, they have members. Some admit visitors with members, some are more liberal with their policy. It appeared to me that the PNH allows anyone in to eat in the dining room. We signed the visitor’s log and took a seat. I knew what I’d be ordering – the Polish plate – so I barely looked at the menu.
I was able to substitute placki for their housemade sauerkraut. I know I love potato pancakes (placki) and don’t like sauerkraut, so this was a good move. Let’s see what Roadfood’s book has to say about this place:
“The mother of them (Polish eateries around Connecticut) is the Polish National Home in Hartford, a massive concrete edifice that looks less like a restaurant than like one of the secret societies around Yale in New Haven. It is a tavern, a restaurant, a clubhouse, and a place to go dancing on a weekend night. Its menu is a Polish primer of utmost excellence.
First-timers and those of indecisive appetite are well served by the Polish plate, which is a sampler of house specialties, each available as a dinner by itself: a kielbasa sausage, a single golabki (stuffed cabbage), and two pierogi dumplings all arrayed around a heap of sauerkraut. The kraut is extraordinary, long-cooked to ultimate tenderness and studded with chunks of sausage, its bright tang an ideal foil for the robust and resilient kielbasa with its deep garlic flavor. Each pierogi is a dollop of cheese-and-potato filling in a steamy soft white dough packet that glistens with onion-laced butter. The supple cabbage wrap of the golabki is painted with sweet tomato glaze.”
It goes on a little longer, but you get the point.
The CTMQ experience:
Delicious. As most of you know, I’m not really a meat-eater but have put aside my ethical aversion to the meat industries for this eating section. When Hoang prods me about what I miss most about cow and pig I always say “the smoked meats.” This kielbasa was almost good enough for me to renounce my renouncement of meat.
The potato pancakes were phenomenal – crisp on the outside, smooth and creamy on the inside. And the pierogies? Forget about it. Better than your Polish grandmother makes, trust me.
As a bonus, the PNH offers a hot horseradish and hot mustard to accompany your dishes. Two condiments I can never get enough of. Oh yeah, I got some applesauce with my meal as well.
I may have saved the best part of eating at the PNH for last: It’s ridiculously cheap. Dirt cheap. Can you read the price of the Bud Light Draft at Happy Hour? One Dollar. Not zÅ‚oty, but dollar.
It’s a cool building, great atmosphere with great, cheap food. I have no idea how the Polish National Home remains Hartford’s “worst kept secret.”
Here’s the New York Times review – much better than mine.
CTMQ’s Best, Unique, & Historic Restaurants & Foods