Bissell’s Really Cleans Up My Ferry List
Bissell’s Ferry Site, Windsor/South Windsor
“Site of the Oldest Ferry in the US”
Most Nutmeggers know about the Oldest continuously operating ferry in the US that connects Rocky Hill and Glastonbury (officially Route 160). About half of them probably know about the other old ferry – the second oldest in Connecticut – that connects Hadlyme and Chester. I’ve ridden and reported on both; here and here. Both cross the Connecticut River and both are rather historic and steeped in lore.
But I’d wager not many know about an even older ferry crossing with an even larger cache: The oldest ferry in the United States; a service that began in 1648, well over a century before there even was a United States. That ferry was Bissell’s Ferry, and it connected Windsor and what is now South Windsor, north of Hartford. Of course, the ferry service is no longer operational but the old boat launch roads allow us to get a good feel for what it was like here centuries ago.
From Historic Towns of the Connecticut River Valley by George Simon Roberts:
For thirty years there was no settlement on the east side of the river, the reason no doubt being, that the passage of the Connecticut was laborious in summer and difficult, or impossible, in winter; that the meadows on that side of the river being lower, were subject to floods and, too, there were the Podunk Indians to be considered, who occupied the land on the east side of the river.
The Bissell family is regarded by historians as the pioneer family of the east side. In 1648, it was granted a monopoly of the ferry, still called Bissell’s Ferry, between Windsor and the hamlet of East Windsor, in the Town of South Windsor. There is a tradition in regard to this grant, that is interesting, if not founded upon fact, as Stiles claims. This tradition is, that John Bissell was sent by the Colony to England, in 1636, to purchase and bring back a supply of cattle as the previous winter had been so severe that many of their cattle had died. Mr. Bissell returned with seventeen cows and a bull and as an equivalent for his services he was granted the monopoly of the ferry across the Connecticut.
It stands to reason that the oldest ferry in the country began in what Windsorites regard as the first town in Connecticut: Their own. (Wethersfieldians get a bit bent out of shape when confronted with this factopinion.)
Although John Bissell originally operated the ferry so that he could graze his cattle on the East side of the river, it very quickly became a very important economic and transportation link between Boston on the East side of the river and Hartford, New Haven and New York on the West side of the river. The Bissell family had a monopoly on the ferry for 150 years.
The western landing was just off of Palisado Avenue at the end of the very short Bissell’s Ferry Road. In South Windsor, from Route 194 still exists the very short Ferry Lane. The ferry ceased operation after 269 years of service, in 1927. Knowing how much the Connecticut floods, I imagine this was a rather difficult and spotty service for those first 200 years.
Regardless, I think this is the final ferry report for the state. I’ll let you know. At the least, you now know the origin of the name of Bissell Bridge (I-291) north of Hartford.
For the heck of it, here’s a cool story about a covered bridge that used to span the Connecticut a few miles north up in Enfield. I can’t really think of a better place to link this, so here you are.